Quick Summary: If you are confused between React and React Native, we will try to explain the exact difference between React and React Native and compare them based on different parameters. Our main aim is to take the readers through the journey of hits and misses of each platform.
Are you interested in knowing the critical difference between ReactJS and React Native? Which one is better among them? Let’s discover the answers in this article comparing ReactJS vs React Native. We will have a look into how those two technologies differ and what you should know in order to make an informed decision for your web app development.
ReactJS comprises two parts: the pieces containing HTML code, components, and an HTML document – where all your components will render.
React library is designed in a way that it can integrate with existing code or other libraries effortlessly. The primary purpose of React is to simplify the process of web development that is fast, scalable, and simple.
React can help your business in web and mobile application development by bringing fast speed using the virtual DOM. An in-memory data structure created by React evaluates the subsequent difference and updates the DOM displayed by the browser seamlessly.
Developers write code as if the whole page will render with each change, but only changed components are re-rendered. Virtual DOM of React refreshes only parts of the page, so it is faster than the conventional full refresh model.
This functionality gives an edge to Reactjs by increasing performance and decreasing programming time compared to another mobile app development platform.
That makes it a proper fit, as speed is one of the critical factors for making a successful mobile application.
Reactjs has introduced the concept of component-based architecture to the web development arena. With this concept in place, developers can save a lot of time with the reusability of components.
This component-based architecture helps in collating an array of more extensive UI and converts them into an independent, self-sufficient micro-system.
Therefore, for example, if any component needs some significant changes within the Adset tab in Facebook Ads, only that component will be redefined and reused.
Reactjs has the capability of server-side rendering, which offers a power boost to the SEO of a web page or an application and helps in fetching more organic traffic.
When a web crawler visits a server that has already rendered the content and pictures, indexing and caching of the content becomes quicker.
It gives a massive boost to the overall SEO strategy. It can reduce the page time if Google directly indexes the content from the server-side. This fast visibility of web pages gives a better user experience.
Reactjs has a massive community of developers who have formed a vast ecosystem of web browsers, tools, component libraries, extensions for code editors, IDEs, etc.
A community-enabled platform promotes innovation and makes Reactjs one of the most popular choices for developing dynamic websites and applications.
So, these are the significant advantages of Reactjs that make it unique.
Facebook developed React Native for the iOS application, but now, it also supports the Android operating system.
One of the critical features of React Native is the ability to generate platform-specific code. When we use React Native to develop the application, the framework automatically detects the platform on which it will run. In this way, it generates the platform-specific code, the right code for the right platform.
The Easy Learning curve allows non-programmers to create apps without any difficulties. You can quickly get started with React Native, Even if you are not a great developer and can transform your business idea into a reality.
Hot Reloading features of React Native give your development team the liberty to automatically reload a mobile application seamlessly. This feature of React Native makes the development process fast and saves time across the end-to-end development cycle.
React Native framework contains component UI libraries. Developers can use it to deliver a smooth UI experience to their users. Sharing of UI libraries like Expo, Shouten, etc., saves a lot of time required to develop them from scratch. So, you can focus on innovation. Instead of creating libraries from the start, you can focus on your business ideas.
ReactJS and React Native both have some limitations and drawbacks while developing web applications. So before starting on either of them, the developer should be clear with these limitations and plan to overcome them.
Learning ReactJS may take much more time than React Native for a new developer. That means the learning curve for React is steeper. New developers can find an issue who are attempting to build an app using ReactJS.
React allows building only UI layers of web applications and nothing else. So, you may still have to choose some other technology to get a complete tooling set for development in the project.
Often, it becomes necessary to download another react-enabled library, which increases cost and time overheads. For instance, if the developer uses the Carbon framework for UI experience, it becomes crucial to download Carbon components with react.
Although ReactJS supports many external, third-party libraries, there are very few native libraries for ReactJS. External libraries can help developers utilize HTML and CSS functionalities and build them into JSX, which has its complexities and steep learning curve.
React has complicated data navigation. React does not support parallel data handlings, unlike other JS scripting tools. For example, if you want to navigate from one Div to another Div in ReactJS, you must first navigate to the parent node. Then navigate to the topmost parent node and then to the second hierarchy of the tree node.
React Native generally uses libraries for rendering purposes. The Performance hence depends upon third-party libraries. The development process becomes slow, and the reason is the lack of native libraries and dependency on external libraries.
An abstraction layer is made above the native platform to create more React Native framework functionality.
Even if a single error occurs in the abstraction layer while executing the code, then you may encounter unavoidable errors and warnings in the whole application.
These errors might prove so complicated that finding them out and solving it might become a tedious task. So, that is a significant React Native limitation.
Suppose any app requires a specific functionality that is not present in React Native. In that case, developers have only two options: Either write the native modules in Swift/Objective-C and Java create an entirely new native application from scratch. That means, React Native increases overheads on expenses and time.
Here are some fundamental points of both React and React Native. Please Have a look at it to gain clarity about the differentiating factor between them.
|1.||React was used for the first time in the year 2013 by Facebook for web applications.||React Native was used for the very first time in the year 2015 by Facebook for developing mobile applications.|
|2.||React offers high-security features to build an app.||React Native offers relatively low-security features.|
|3.||You can use the React-router for navigation purposes.||You can use the built-in navigator-library.|
|4.||React JS offers more time efficiency.||React Native offers comparatively less time efficiency.|
|5.||Virtual DOM is an additional feature offered by React.||React Native API is the additional feature offered by React Native.|
|6.||It uses HTML tags.||It does not use HTML tags.|
|8.||React is platform-independent.||React Native is kind of not platform-independent. It takes another struggle to execute correctly on all platforms.|
Like there are several similarities between React and React Native, there are also some notable differences. Let’s have a look:
Both React and React Native are essential pillars for app and web development.
React is an open-source library, and React Native is the entire framework; React is the heart of React Native and they both complement each other.
ReactJS is ideal for creating dynamic, high-performing, responsive UI web apps with robust functionality, and React Native is perfect for creating a mobile application with a near-native look and feel.
Each technology or framework has some limitations, and so do React and React Native. I advise developers to check the pros and cons of both of these technologies and then make a knowledgeable decision based on the priorities and expected outcome.