Angular vs React: Which one is the most in-demand frontend development framework in 2021?

Nimisha Kapadia August 2, 2021

Angular vs React

Quick Summary: Choosing one of the most popular front end development libraries and frameworks has become tremendously competitive. Among all the JavaScript frameworks and libraries, Angular and React are the ones that are famous among developers. Both are their topmost priority, but most can still not decide which one would suit their project. Hence, we believe it is fit to highlight vast differences among Angular and ReactJS, helping you to choose the right for your coming or existing web development project.

Furthermore, JavaScript developers will agree that the proper framework saves weeks of production time. Developers always had a hard time choosing between React and Angular.

Among all the front-end development frameworks in the market, the two that have found a place in the Top 15 JavaScript Frameworks list are React and  Angular. And this blog is focused on them both.

However, we cannot outline the best, but we can definitely analyze which is the best framework to choose in which situations. In this article, the two most loved front end frameworks are going to compare. So, Angular or React? Let’s check it out.

Quick Links:

    1. What is Angular?
    2. What is React?
    3. Quick comparison: Angular vs. Reactjs
    4. Popularity Growth: Angular vs. Reactjs
    5. Angular and Reactjs Use Cases
    6. Reactjs & Angular Performance
    7. Testing in Angular & Reactjs
    8. Code Quality – Angular and React
    9. Server Rendering in Angular vs. React
    10. Two-way data binding availability
    11. Learning Curve – Angular and React
    12. Ease of Update – Angular vs React
    13. Community
    14. Conclusion

 

What is Angular?

What is Angular

Source: angular.io

Angular is a JavaScript (JS) front end framework built on Typescript. It is a component-based framework for making scalable web apps. Because of its better-quality algorithm for two-way data binding and the addition of component-based architecture, it works 5 to 10 times faster. In addition, it has a collection of well-integrated libraries and features like client-server communication, routing, and many more.

JavaScript Developers prefer to use Angular to develop large-scale web applications like e-commerce, Progressive Web Apps, and reservation platforms, allowing a website to perform like a smartphone app. Moreover, it endures one of the top JavaScript frameworks because of constantly updated technology and backing from Google and its coding power.

Pros and Cons of Angular

Pros

      • Angular is following clean code development.
      • It has a material-design-like interface.
      • Its updates can be seamless using Angular CLI.
      • It is one of the high-performing full-stack frameworks.

Cons

      • Angular features may be confusing for beginners.
      • Lacks of all-inclusive documentation.>
      • Developers need to learn Typescript and other framework-specific components for development.
      • Out of the box, Angular is a full-stack solution, and third-party integrations may be complicated.
      • You can have trouble switching between versions.>

Where to Use Angular

What is React?

What is React

Source: reactjs.org

React is an open-source JavaScript library for web development. React is building the user interface and the view layer of the Web Applications. React is component-based and declarative qualities let developers build interactive and complex UIs effortlessly. Developers can create fast and scalable apps for all platforms because of its “learn once write anywhere” principle. It makes your code very easy to understand and launch.

In addition, React JavaScript framework uses server-side rendering to give a flexible, performance-oriented solution. Facebook and a community of different developers and communities are managing React.

Pros and Cons of React

Pros

      • React is easy to learn
      • Its HTML-like syntax allows templating and very detailed documentation
      • React can support server-side rendering
      • It is simple for developers to migrate between different versions of React
      • React is using JavaScript instead of framework-specific code

Cons

      • React has very Poor documentation.
      • It is Limited to only view part of MVC in Web Development.
      • React Beginners might see JSC – JavaScriptCore as a barrier.

Where to Use React

      • For applications that have multiple events
      • When your app development team outshines in JavaScript, CSS, and HTML
      • When You need to create sharable components on your web application
      • When you want a personalized app solution

 

Angular vs React – The Complete Comparison

KeyDifference

      • Angular is a structural JavaScript framework built using Typescript, whereas React is a JavaScript library created using JSX – JavaScript XML.
      • Developers mainly use Angular to build complex enterprise-grade apps like single page applications and progressive web apps. In contrast, React is used to make UI components in any app with frequently variable data.
      • Angular’s learning curve is sharper because of its many in-built functionalities while React’s smaller package size.
      • Angular offers testing and debugging for a complete project with a single tool, while to do different types of testing, React needs a set of tools.
      • Angular doesn’t add the JavaScript library to the source code, while React adds the javascript library to the source code.
      • One of the most significant differences extends in state management. Angular comes with data-binding bundled in it. On the other hand, React is usually improved by Redux to offer unidirectional data flow and work with unlimited data.

These and some other distinct features make Angular and React fundamentally different. So, let’s understand the technical specifications first with the help of the information given below.

Differences between Angular and React

 

Let’s continue to the next section and compare each feature in detail.

Popularity Success: React vs Angular

React vs Angular both have grown in popularity over the discussion forums and in the developer’s community. Through observing one of the most popular platform statistics, Angular has 56,586 stars, and Reactjs has 142,606 stars.

Angular Usage Statistics

Still, React is one of the most popular libraries compared to a fully-fledged framework like Angular. On the other hand, Angular has always kept an average number to be high on getting stars compared to the library framework ReactJS. The reason behind getting more number stars and fewer issues in Reactjs is the early release of the Reactjs framework.

React Usage Statics

 

Job Market of React Vs Angular

Job opportunities are also an important point when comparing React vs Angular to choose the best JS framework. The Below line chart is from Hntrends, which shows 2020 highlights for the percentage of job posts related to Angular and React.

Job Market Angular vs React

The Information given below shows the popularity and open-source community contribution for both frameworks.

 

Open Demand Angular vs React

 

React vs Angular Use Cases

Tech hulks keep up with running trends too, and their developers are using both React and Angular. So let us see how Angular and Reactjs together have made significant applications in the world.

Top Brands Using Angular and React

 

Here is what I have learned:

Choose React for your project

if:

      • You have a plan to increase the functionality of your upcoming web application.
      • Your project has dynamic content that changes your views or needs an app to update the design simultaneously and constantly
      • You settle down with a slower initial phase of development.

  

Choose Angular for your project

if :

      •  You are also within the beginning phase of development if you would like to start application development and need a holistic framework to get you started quickly.
      •   Seeking a well-maintained and robust framework for the project varies of any size.

 

What is Angular Good for

The front end development becomes faster with angular. It is also known as the standalone solution for creating the quickest data-driven web applications. Moreover, since Google developers make it, you have surety of its reliability and efficiency of code backed up by the vast community of tech experts.

In addition, Angular has recognized its model-view-controller (MVC) capability that enhances the functionalities of browser-based applications by reducing the JavaScript code required to keep the application functional and robust. Angular is one of the most popular frameworks to build mobile apps. Angular offers a lot of stuff “out of the box”.

Reasons for Choosing Angular :

      • Inbuilt features of angular such as Rxjs, AngularCLI are more powerful to make channels of exchanging info and in independent event handling. Creating apps, adding files, and debugging a project is hassle-free while using Angular.
      • It overall improves the developers’ efforts and reduces lines of code by parallelly running the components.
      • It Raises the overall performance.
      • It makes a speedy rendering of server-side, supporting the views that lack browser-side rendering.

  

Angular Use Cases:

PayPal

Paypal is the largest and one of the most ordinarily used payment gateways in the world. It has used Angular to create the PayPal checkout system that contains essential features such as a payment review page and adding MasterCard pages. These options bring a high level of security issues on the side of smooth functionalities as primary needs.

Upwork

Upwork is that the preferred platform for freelancers has quite ten million freelancers who use Angular. For extremely functional platforms like Upwork, it’s necessary to use technologies like Angular to keep up the functionalities smoothly and replicate the changes within a fraction of seconds.

Localytics

Localytics is one of the world-famous tools utilized by well-liked names like Microsoft, The New York Times, HBO, and more. It uses Angular to boost its features and place itself into the standalone identity by using the UI suite of Angular. With success, it cut back the amount of code required to keep the application functional.

 

What is Reactjs Good for

Reactjs is an open-source library. It handles the application’s view layer, and developers choose to build reusable UI components. It is swift and scalable to change the data without reloading the page on the browser. Reactjs used on Facebook.

First, and later Instagram has implemented it in the news feed. However, mainly the big-scale applications are using Reactjs for loading the data without refreshing the pages.

Reasons to use React in the web application:

      • Different from Angular, developers compelled to integrate external entities to access specific functions of React and gain the interactive functionalities
      • It has state containers such as redux for faster development in scalable applications, for example, using the dynamic components and managing rendering on the server side.
      • Converting JSX into JavaScript for browser understanding
      • The requirement to use code bundlers like web pack
      • Need to Use the URL router library of React like ReactRouter

React Use Cases: How good it is

Netflix

Netflix is an excellent media streaming platform, using React specifically for low-performance devices. Additionally, Netflix uses the Reactjs library to boost runtime performance, modularization and increase start-up speed.

The New York Times:

The New York Times has additionally designed the latest project designed for celebrities’ completely different appearances on the Oscar red carpet. The project was engineered using the Reactjs platform and let the users apply filters and find pictures of their selection. Reactjs has made it possible to fully re-render and stood out as the most impressive feature of the framework.
  

Performance in Angular and React

React Performance

React’s performance has dramatically improved after introducing the virtual DOM in the framework.

Meanwhile, all virtual DOM trees are lightweight and designed on a server, reducing the load on the browser. Furthermore, since the data-binding method is unidirectional, bindings aren’t allotted to watchers as Angular. So, exclusively, It does not create other workloads.

Angular Performance

Angular performs worse, particularly in the case of complicated and dynamic web applications. The performance of Angular apps is negatively suffering from bidirectional data-binding. A watcher is allotted by each binding to trace changes. Each loop continues till all the watchers, and associated values are checked.

As a result of this, the additional bindings you have got, the other watchers are created, and the cumbersome process becomes. However, the major recent update of Angular has dramatically improved its performance, and it doesn’t lose to React any longer.

Also, the size of an Angular application is somewhat smaller than the size of a React app.
  

Testing in Angular & React

Angular Testing

Testing in a dynamically written language like Javascript makes it tough to realize 100% testing goals. That’s the reason why code written in Javascript must come back up with a robust set of tests. On the other hand, Angular has multiple features like isolation of the coding unit and is written with all the issues relating to testability in mind.

For instance, the in-built Angular feature, i.e., dependency injection, makes it straightforward to pass in dependencies of elements and mock the components.

React Testing

While writing tests, mocking the components that don’t seem to be already existing within the testing environments is preferred. Tests will spy on the other parts of the function and predict their interactions with them.

It’s the mocking of data or functionality, and it’s pretty helpful to avoid flakiness in data fetching. Tests are substantially predictable in Reactjs because of the supply of mocking functions.

As a part of the development process, Reactjs executes test suites continuously to run the test cases. It also offers test runners like Mocha, Ava, and Jest capable of running tests whereas already running the development process.

Since Jest is widely compatible with totally different features like mocked modules, timers, and Jsdm support, at an equivalent time, libraries like Mocha are consistent with the browser-specific requirements and support the simulations like a real browser.
  

Code Quality: Angular or React?

Angular Code Quality

We can use some specific tools like AngularCLI to boost the quality of code that also brings standards in Angular development. It gives incredible integrations across the project. Integrations like Angular Core, Angular material, etc., can make project deliveries easy and maintain the code quality.

Angular is allowing developers to predict compilation behavior, and also AngularCLI has reduced the learning curve of Angular.

Because of this, it is possible to generate smooth builds and reduce the iterating efforts of developers, which leads to bad code quality in the end.

React Code Quality

Reactjs has plenty of things that not simply increase its code quality but provide an identity that’s completely different from all other frameworks.

For example, using the DisplayName string to debug the messages can distinguish the components.  We tend to use prop-types to check whether or not the prop type is present in the run time.

Maintaining a code quality in Reactjs is simple due to the code review practices it permits by providing Linters. It helps in generating identical coding practices among the developers in a corporation. Later Linters follow a strict set of rules that keep the codebase consistent.
  

Server Rendering in Angular vs React

Angular

Angular is helping the web crawlers by generating static versions of the application that are pleasant and searchable. Angular renders the application by making a static view before it gets interactive using server-side rendering.

It depends on you how skillfully you utilize the combination of JSON and client-side caching to boost the server-side performance. Nothing hits Angular once it comes to reducing the traffic between client and server.
The structure of Angular is in a pattern that has in-built testing requirements like dependency injection and mocking the objects. We cannot doubt its future improvements since Angular has Google as a backup. And it’s capable of reducing the amount of code by eliminating the requirement to recompile and quickly reflecting the front end changes.

React

If you want to make your application SEO strong, you need to render the application to the server. Reactjs does it quickly with the help of some specific functions. Instead of calling Render, You can do it by calling the RenderToString function.

Unlike other javascript frameworks, Reactjs is a flexible library that would not restrict you from getting benefits. Otherwise, if you want to avoid creating DOM attributes such as data-react-id, you can also use renderToStaticMarkup, which helps create a simple static page generator.

Facebook is the most prominent example of the Reactjs application.

      • Super high-speed rendering
      • Better functions even at the average internet connection

Let’s look at another example of “Dropbox.”

      •  Well-known for online file hosting platform
      • Even and speedy synchronization of data in the cloud
      • Remote connectivity

  

Two-way Data Binding Availability

Angular Data Binding

Angular uses two-way data binding, and that’s why there’s no doubt that any tech stack will beat the synchronization between two different components as Angular will. It keeps updating the two layers with similar data because the value changes in the input that will update the model layer.

It will bind the HTML element to the model variable. Thus, it is not just displaying it but also changing it in the backend. It facilitates the coordination of the two different data models of a framework. That will help make an interactive user interface without several call-backs and extra efforts by the developers.
  
Two Way Data Binding
  
For essential ERP-based software packages like medical software packages, accounting, and other extremely advanced software system requirements, two-way data binding is the most effective technique for fetching the data.

The bidirectional nature of Angular makes it simple to create enterprise resource designing software.

React Data Binding

Reactjs being a library framework, out of the box doesn’t follow the automated approach to data binding and continues its most straightforward however solid architecture. It doesn’t let developers fall into the essence of the complicated handling of objects.

However, Reactjs uses one-way data binding with the two-way data binding helpers to manage each significant parsing work and intensive data manipulation.

 

Learning Curve – Reactjs and Angular

Angular

Angular has a steep learning curve comparison with React. The Google Angular IO framework provides multiple ways to solve a specific problem, has an advanced component management system, yet demands familiarity with totally different concepts and languages like templates, pipes, dependency injection, RxJS, TypeScript, etc. Besides, the framework is constantly developing – making it necessary for the developers to look into what is new-fangled in the Angular ecosystem and upgrade their skills accordingly.

I recommend you choose any of the tech stacks supporting the requirement of your approaching projects. Angular is winning the ground once it involves solving the toughest of the issues in large-scale applications.

React

Reactjs lets you learn and build an app in the React system if you’re smart with JavaScript. The foremost basic and first things to learn in Reactjs are writing components, managing internal states, and using props for configuration. React is not using dependency injection. It has a Dependency injection system built in JSON.

In addition, ReactJS provides a lot of helpful resources for newcomers to know the framework and look forward to developing a web application, even when frequent extended updates. That is often the number key reason why developers tend to choose React.

 

Ease of update – Reactjs and Angular

Angular

Angular comes with an improved command-line interface that consists of commands like ng update that makes the up-gradation of the app to the newest Angular version easier and quicker. Because of this, Angular development is less painful. Also, it’s necessary to notice that almost all of the updating process is automated, making it further easier.

React

React additionally offers developers to create smooth transitions from one version to the other. However, front-end development libraries heavily depend on external libraries that make it possible to update and migrate to third-party components. In addition, developers even have to check if the third-party libraries that they need to use are compatible with newer versions of the JavaScript framework or not.

 

Community

Angular

Developers are pretty intelligent when it comes to Angular as compared to React. It’s mainly because of Angular’s unpopularity due to Angular 1.0, where developers had dismissed the framework as too tricky since it needed loads of your time for learning. However, Google has developed Angular that provides constant improvements and long-term support for the framework. As a result, names like Nike, HBO, Forbes, Apple, AT&T, Microsoft, etc., have used Angular.

React

React contains a broader community as compared to Angular on each GitLab and GitHub. However, as per the StackOverflow Developer Survey of 2018, more developers work with Angular than React. Working with React demands a developer to learn because the framework gets updated very often endlessly.

Although the community will use its best to move forward with the newest documentation, it’s not always that simple to stay up with the frequent changes. React is used by huge players like PayPal, Facebook, Twitter, Airbnb, Netflix, etc. Because of this, the problem of lack of documentation arises quite often.

Each of these technologies has such a lot to offer in terms of features, tools, and performance, making it confusing for development groups to decide on one over the other. To make it simple, we’ve listed some of the queries here that are commonly asked and may guide you in making the correct choice.

 

Is Angular higher than React?

Angular is better than React if your application is enterprise-grade and you wish to include advanced functionalities like progressive, single page applications, and native web apps. However, React focuses on making UI components and might be utilized in any application, together with single page applications.

Angular uses actual DOM implementation in terms of rendering pages but contains a unique change detection mechanism combined with zones that make web applications faster.

In contrast, React has a virtual DOM implementation that makes refreshing data faster in websites. As a result, each framework has distinct abilities to create high-performing web applications.

 

How is Angular different from React?

Angular may be a structural, full-fledged framework for building mobile and desktop web apps, whereas React may be a JavaScript library for making interactive and complicated user interfaces. In addition, Angular has a steeper learning curve.

Thus it takes longer initially, whereas React has a shorter learning curve because of its simple structure and small package size.

 

Conclusion

In the end, we’ve to come back to the point where we will choose any one technology. Given so many frameworks to decide on from, each with its peculiarities, deciding for the proper framework will become a tricky mission.

When we’re between Angular or React, I feel it primarily comes down to personal preference, as they solve similar problems, however, with completely different implementations.

However, in the decision-making process, it’s necessary to consider that React has an easier learning curve that results in faster development, whereas Angular has more inbuilt functionalities.

Both technologies are powerful, a clear improvement from the early days of web development that enhances, facilitates, and accelerates growth.

In this article, I talked about Angular vs React based on a web app we developed from scratch, using each framework.

At EnProwess Technologies, we’ve knowledgeable software developers in Angular and React. Would you like a boost in building your web or mobile application in one of these technologies? Get in touch!
  

Frequently Asked Questions

  

What is easy to learn, Angular or React?

As we mentioned earlier, Angular has a comparatively long learning curve, while ReactJS can learn in a short period.

What are the most famous use-cases of Angular?>

Some of the most famous websites and apps have been created by using Angular. A few popular use-cases are PayPal, Netflix, Google Cloud, and Udacity.

What are some of the well-liked apps built with ReactJS?

Facebook, Bloomberg, Airbnb, Discord, and Instagram are a number of the most well-liked apps designed with ReactJS.

Which framework is better: Angular or ReactJS?

As such, there’s no one answer to that. In some cases, Framework in Angular outperforms ReactJS, and in some instances, React also. It depends on your needs and project goals. That one can work best for you. If you’re unable to make a decision, you may think about consulting a professional.

Is Angular better than React?

React is better than Angular due to its virtual DOM implementation and rendering optimizations. You can easily migrate between React’s versions, too; you don’t have to install updates one by one, as in Angular. Finally, with React, developers have loads of existing solutions they can use.

 

 

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